Chapter 6. LDS Historian and apostle Brigham Henry Roberts (B. H. Roberts) conducted an exhaustive comparison and analysis of these two books and concluded there is merit to this criticism. Heb. Yet author never says this. Would you like updates when content is posted? The argument of Hebrews is as follows: Jesus Christ is superior to the prophets (Hebrews 1.1-3), to the angels (Hebrews 1.4-2.18) and even superior to the great prophet Moses (Hebrews 3.1-6). I look forward to doing a podcast on this in the next few days with my colleague Bryce Dunford, which I will link to this post shortly. 5 And have atasted the good word of God, and the powers of the bworld to come. Thus study probes the lives of individuals identified in Chapter 11 of the Book of Hebrews as persons of faith in an effort to help us grow more steadfast in our own faith. This book is very special to me because it was written to the Jewish Christians in the church who were undergoing very severe persecution that the vast majority of believers have never had to experience. Alleged parallels between these two books have led some to esteem the Book of Mormon lightly, “as a thing of naught.” 14 Saying, Surely blessing I will abless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee. Bookmarks. 3 John. Powered by WordPress. It was written to people, written to people in a particular situation. Hebrews 11. It means that the mysterious appearance of Melchizedek in the passage in Genesis without any mention of these things makes him a suitable type of the Messiah, who literally was eternal (though in the Incarnation he did have human parents, was born, and died). Hebrews 7:3 does not mean that Melchizedek literally had no parents, birth, or death. This is surely an odd way of stating matters if, as the LDS Church teaches, Melchizedek was actually a priest after the order of Jesus! The Book of Hebrews helps us to understand the relationship between Jewish and Gentile believers, and between Israel and the church. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. In Hebrews 1:1-3 we find that He truly is awesome. The whole book of Hebrews negates that idea and supports what Paul says in Galatians 3:24-27 Therefore the law was our tutor (custodian, school bus driver) to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 9. For why, then, did he mention the name of Timothy as by this he betrayed himself. How do you convince these thinking, feeling, struggling Jewish believers in Jesus that they should keep the faith? Being a Jew after 70 A.D. would be very difficult as the Jews were being persecuted by Rome due to their rebellion at the temple mount. But the manner of teaching, and the style, sufficiently show that Paul was not the author; and the writer himself confesses in the second chapter that he was one of the disciples of the apostles, which is wholly different from the way in which Paul spoke of himself. In modern English we usually refer to this trust as faithfulness or fidelity which is how pistis should be rendered in both Romans and Hebrews. The idea is that these Jewish Christians still believe that though Jesus was their Messiah, they still needed to live the Law of Moses. Rather the text of Hebrews said that all of the systems of sacrifice that the Jews are used to doing are inferior to Jesus Christ. To me, this text was written before the temple was destroyed. It makes sense that this was written before the Roman general Titus comes in with his armies and 70 A.D. and rips up the temple in Jerusalem. Jeremy Punt, Hebrews, thought pattern and context: Aspects of the background of Hebrews. Numerous commentators on Mormon history, from LDS Church general … But the Letter to a CES director fills 3 and a half pages of parallels showing how similar the books are. In this letter, the two Greeks words for “better” and “superior” occur 15 times. TGÂ Apostasy of Individuals; Holy Ghost, Loss of; Sin. Who was Hebrews written to? 17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his acounsel, bconfirmed it by an coath: 18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to alie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for brefuge to lay hold upon the chope set before us: 19 Which hope we have as an aanchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which entereth into that within the bveil; 20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an ahigh priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. This book is a faithful and accurate reproduction of the 1825 second edition of View of the Hebrews. What do you tell them? THE BOOK of Hebrews appeared at a critical time in the history of the early church. John Hilton III. Although almost everyone conventionally accepts that pistis is used differently in Hebrews than in epistles considered genuinely Pauline because of Martin Luther, pistis had the same meaning to all first-century readers. Pistis is symbolically represented by right handclasps in the first-century (one needs to know someone and act accordingly in order to shake hands, thereby making it possible to enter a covenant). Hebrews 5:11-6:12, the need to learn and grow and produce. Using the book of Hebrews as a launching pad, we compared and contrasted Jesus to Moses (the prototype prophet), to the Levitical sacrificial system (including Priesthood, Sacrifice, Law, and Covenant), and to Israel’s kings, particularly David. 12. 1. 1 Peter 2 Pet. Perhaps the most important BETTER of all. Hebrews teaches that the priesthood named after Melchizedek is greater than the Aaronic Priesthood, and it shows that salvation is found not in the law of Moses or in the ordinances administered by Levitical priests but in Jesus Christ and the ordinances of the Melchizedek … He earned a Ph.D. from Brigham Young University in History, 1988, specifically in Ancient Near Eastern history, Roman history, and Early Christian history, with a … The book of Hebrews testifies of the superiority of Jesus Christ. Hebrews 4:12 “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.” ... Book of Mormon. Helaman 3 Ne. And so the argument of scholarship (and there is quite a bit of ink spilled on this) is “when was Hebrews written?” What’s going on? Shop Deseret Book's Black Friday deals all week long LDS Living Staff - Black Friday Week is here and we've got some awesome deals from Deseret Book ! These people are in a difficult circumstance – they are in the minority, from the text it seems as if they are getting all kinds of opposition to their faith from within the Jewish community, and are considering abandoning their faith in Jesus. This is done, principally, by showing its superiority to the Mosaic system. The Book of Mormon is one of the four standard works of the LDS church. 1. Ø It is a book of encouragement. 7 Again, he a limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will b hear his voice, c harden not your hearts. Presentation Summary : The Book of Hebrews addresses three basic groups in the Jewish Community: Group 1- Hebrew Christians, a congregation of true believers in Jesus Christ who were But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. This document contains a closely knit argument or discussion where it is essentially trying to exhort the audience not to give up on their faith in Christ and to illustrate why Christianity is so vital to not only their salvation, but to understanding their Hebrew background. The internal evidence presented by the book of Hebrews itself indicates an author other than Paul. Written in the context of suffering to Alexandrian/Hellenistic Jews. Wilson, Lynne Hilton. " The Book Of Hebrews Addresses Three Basic Groups In The Jewish PPT. We think it was written to those Christians that were Jews who converted to Christianity in the first century. Let us go on to perfection—The sons of perdition crucify Christ anew—God swears with an oath that the faithful will be saved. The Book Of Hebrews Addresses Three Basic Groups In The Jewish PPT. It is claimed that a 19th century work by Ethan Smith, View of the Hebrews, provided source material for Joseph Smith's construction of the Book of Mormon. Joseph Smith documented liar; Kinderhook plates exposed as phony; Book of Abraham exposed “fraud” Mormon Church History. Paul works on this, taking it to task (especially in Galatians), but for now it is important to see that there were Jews in and around Jerusalem who believed in Jesus but still were “doing” Jewish religion, right down to circumcision, at least in the first century. The entire text uses Jewish ideas and motifs to illustrate how they fit in with the narrative of Jesus taking us back into the presence of God. Ø It is a book of warning. In other words, they insisted that Gentiles become Jewish proselytes. If Hebrews was written after 70, they’re probably would not be a lot of Christians struggling in their faith, been tempted to go back to Judaism. Table of Contents. For information on the temple, see here. Roberts privately researched the link between the Book of Mormon, the View of the Hebrews, Joseph’s father having the same dream in 1811 as Lehi’s dream, etc. It is from First temple texts that we read of things like the idea that man may ascend into the presence of God, that he may “become a son of God,” (Psalm 2, Psalm 110). And when we look through the book of Hebrews, we recognize that the Christians at that time were up against some really difficult odds. The whole book of Hebrews negates that idea and supports what Paul says in Galatians 3:24-27 Therefore the law was our tutor (custodian, school bus driver) to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. The argument of Hebrews is as follows: Jesus Christ is superior to the prophets (Hebrews 1.1-3), to the angels (Hebrews 1.4-2.18) and even superior to the great prophet Moses (Hebrews 3.1-6). Finding the male name Alma in a record about descendants early Hebrews now must be viewed not as a reason for mocking the Book of Mormon, but as a reason to take it seriously. 1 John. Bookmarks Edit. I especially find the arguments of Hebrews … As time went on people in and out of the Church heard about this comparison compiled by Roberts and was circulated amongst several groups. Downloads Female Voice (MP3) Male Voice (MP3) Entire Book (PDF) Text Settings. Themes in the Book of Hebrews . These Jewish Christians were tempted to return to their Jewish beliefs or to the beliefs of their ancestors. These are (in most part) the show notes from our podcast “Talking Scripture” that Bryce Dunford and I covered when we discussed the book of Hebrews. 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:11, 17). There are several theories as to the origin of the Book of Mormon.Most adherents to the Latter Day Saint movement view the book as a work of inspired scripture. 16 For men verily swear by the greater: and an aoath for confirmation is to them an end of all bstrife. When did this happen? 3 Nephi 4 Ne. From this frame and from these ideas, I am of the belief that these Christian Jews were aware of both First and Second temple doctrines, beliefs, and symbols. Theme. Revelation Book of Mormon 1 Ne. 2 Of the adoctrine of bbaptisms, and of claying on of dhands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. Now there is much more to Hebrews than just this. Hebrews states repeatedly, quoting Psalm 110:4, that Jesus is a priest “according to the order of Melchizedek” (Heb. 11. To me the arguments really could go either way. Logic tells us that if the author was writing post 70 A.D. that he would simply cite this as the reason that Judaism had failed. 9 But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. He was the first baptized Latter Day Saint, one of the Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon's golden plates, one of the first Latter Day Saint apostles, and the Second Elder of the church. Hebrews 11. Hebrews: the book of better things 1 CAF Ou tline of Hebrews One of the unifying themes of the book of Hebrews is its emphasis on the better things found in the Christian faith, especially the superiority of Jesus himself over all who preceded him, succeeded him, or competed with him. Melchizedek Priesthood Frank F. Judd Jr., “Melchizedek: Seeing After the Zion of Enoch” in Sperry Symposium Classics: The Old Testament, ed. The intent in publishing it has been to make it available to all interested readers—whether critics, believers in the Book of Mormon, or scholars of early American religious history. Related Content previous next. This understanding, trust and faithfulness of pistis leads to repentance and baptism and more covenants. According to official Mormon history, the book was translated, with Divine help, from a set of golden plates found by Joseph Smith, a New York farmboy who lived in … 7, Other scholars from antiquity such as Thomas Aquinas examined Hebrews from the perspective of Luke having been the translator from Hebrew into Greek. All of these ideas were swirling around in First Temple Israelite religion. View Downloads. First Temple Judaism or First Temple Israelite religion emphasized things that I have written about in other posts, things like visions, ascension into God’s presence, the ark of the covenant as the throne of kings and God, heavens, the idea that God was a person and that he had a family, that God was anthropomorphic, that God had feasts with mankind when he was brought into his presence (see D&C 27, Exodus 24, Revelation 19.7-9). Jude. LDS General Authority and scholar Elder B.H. Joseph Smith often and correctly taught about faith in the active sense of acquiring knowledge and becoming faithful. Paul Y. In each of these offices we saw hints of inherent incompleteness and prophetic foreshadowing of Christ. Default. Today we will briefly examine the text of the book of Hebrews in the New Testament and what we think is going on this text. 1 Peter. (exclusions apply) Not a Platinum member? 5 As Punt emphasized, “The rhetorically crafted nature of Hebrews suggests an Alexandrian background of thought… the attempts to describe the … relationship… between Philo and Hebrews have been various, ranging from direct influence of Philo on Hebrews, to accepting that Philo and the Hebrews author share the same (Alexandrian) thought world, to disavowing the value of even comparing Hebrews with Philo. Bart Ehrman has stated that the author of Hebrews uses the word faith (pistis in the Greek) differently than in the texts that are generally considered Pauline by most scholars. Below you can find the sources, links, and notes for the paperback/hardback CES Letter.Start by the chapter/section of the CES Letter and then look for the footnote number that you see next to the text in the book.. So we have this notion that Christianity comes out of Judaism, and that Christians really step aside from their Jewish neighbors right at 70 A.D. with the destruction of the temple. I think this was written before the temple was destroyed. The author of Hebrews is going to use the First Temple texts and their visions and their ideas that mankind may enter into the presence of God as an important framework for his discussion. The Book of Hebrews. The LDS teaching turns the argument of Hebrews 5-7 on its head. The purpose of this paper is to show how LDS church leaders have used passages found within the eighth through thirteenth chapters of Hebrews in their teachings. 4 Nephi Morm. DNA evidence conflicts with Book of Mormon; Joseph Smith. These hearers of Hebrews are the descendants of Eber, what were called Jews at this time or the Hebrews. Leaving Hebrews chapter 11 and moving to Hebrews chapter 12, we find that this is the second-most-cited chapter in the book of Hebrews, totaling 322 citations. Now this changes some things for those that believe that Hebrews was not written by Paul because what we have here is an issue of history, politics, power, and timing. 1 Nephi 2 Ne. Only the Book of Mormon contains lengthy and complicated uses of Hebrew poetic forms like chiasmus. Here’s why: the author of Hebrews doesn’t talk as if it’s happened, he never comes out and says that Christianity is superior to Judaism because the Jews got killed, had their holy temple desecrated and were slaughtered and scattered. Christ’s priesthood is above the Aaronic or Levitical Priesthood (Hebrews 4.14-7.28), and the sanctuary of the Old Testament as well as the offerings of the ancient priests (Hebrews 8.1-10.39). Ø It is a book about faith. Roberts privately researched the link between the Book of Mormon, the View of the Hebrews, Joseph’s father having the same dream in 1811 as Lehi’s dream, etc. Ethan Smith's View of the Hebrews, published seven years before the Book of Mormon is thought to be source material for Joseph Smith's Book of Mormon. For people who know and love the Book of Mormon, parts of the book of Hebrews in the New Testament may seem vaguely familiar. 2 Brown tells us that Judaism and Christianity both were in accord essentially from the time of Jesus’ resurrection until the destruction of the temple, and that Jewish Christians would go to synagogue and read Torah and worship with their fellow Jews, and that their faith was essentially the same with the exception that the Jewish Christians believed that Jesus was the Messiah. TGÂ Holy Ghost, Unpardonable Sin against; Jesus Christ, Crucifixion of. Much of chapters 6 and 7 of the book of Hebrews is given to explaining why Jesus’ Melchizedek priesthood is superior to that of Aaron. Following that example, Latter-day Saints hope to attain same godhood status, while eternally worshiping the Father and the Son (Gospel Principles, chapter 47). According to Brown it is at this point that Christianity and Judaism experience is serious split, and it is at this time, according to Brown, that the text of the gospel of John has put together, textualized, and disseminated. Enter your email to subscribe and receive notifications of new content. Jesus came to suffer death and save men—He came to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. When we think about the book of Hebrews, we need to understand that it was a letter. Errors which are unique to the 1769 edition that Joseph Smith owned? Book of Mormon. But what about when God is silent and still? For this reason an argument can be made that Paul may be the author of this document. Hebrews James James 1 Pet. Another possible author of this text is Apollos. WHY STUDY HEBREWS? that were available to Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris and others before the publication of the Book of Mormon. For a modern reader, it would be important to know that the Jews of the first century and Christianity were related groups and that Christianity came out of Judaism. 8 For if a Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. Print. Hebrews 12. There is another equally compelling message running throughout the book as well. 1 Therefore aleaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto bperfection; not laying again the foundation of crepentance from dead works, and of faith toward God. Christ is a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. This is difficult for modern readers but it is important to know – that this is one reason Brown thinks why we have such difficult anti-Semitic passages in the book of John. Melchizedek is mentioned earlier (5:6, 10; 6:20); but chapter 7 makes a fuller comparison, revealing that the Melchizedekian order was superior to the Aaronic one. Hebrews 8:1-13, the better covenant and better ministry. 2 Nephi Jacob Jacob Enos Enos Jarom Jarom Omni Omni W of M Words of Mormon Mosiah Mosiah Alma Alma Hel. Hebrews 7:26 calls this priest “exalted” and sinless. 2. 11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same adiligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end: 12 That ye be not aslothful, but followers of them who through bfaith and cpatience inherit the dpromises. And yes, he did claim to be the “author” in the first version of the book. We can make some good guesses as to when this was written based upon who we think it was written to. Sepia. 13. Others have speculated that perhaps Luke was the editor. Chapter 12. Hebrews 9:1-10, the better sanctuary. Come Follow Me - Hebrews 7-13. What are 1769 King James Version edition errors doing in the Book of Mormon? Christ, the Sinless One, is our only valid representative before the throne of God. Night. 2 John. Even the robes of the high priest, even the notion of a high priest is considered inferior to the supremacy of Jesus Christ. Reading Materials Lynne Hilton Wilson, "Hebrews 1-6," Come Follow Me: The New Testament, 2019. I hope that you find these notes useful in your study of this text. These believers are swimming upstream in the world, in the watery chaos as it were, and need some kind of boost to their faith. The Doctrine and Covenants & Church History, 2021 Spring: Jesus Christ and the Everlasting Gospel, 1 Nephi 8 and 11 Another way to see the Tree of Life, Ep 88 | D&C 6-9, Come Follow Me (Jan 25-31), Ep 87 | D&C 3-5, Come Follow Me (Jan 18-24). Let us go on to perfectionâThe sons of perdition crucify Christ anewâGod swears with an oath that the faithful will be saved. The reformer John Calvin thought that Luke or Clement of Rome was the author of Hebrews. Moroni In 1927 the well respected LDS historian BH Roberts wrote a letter to LDS Apostle Richard R. Lyman with a laundry list of concerns he had with the Book of Mormon stating his conviction the prophet had ‘borrowed’ from Ethan Smith’s work, View of the Hebrews. Hebrews 7:1-28, the better—perfect—priest with the better covenant from God. Was following Jesus really the right call after all? Let’s talk about The View of the Hebrews. that were available to Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris and others before the publication of the Book of Mormon. One such passage is found in Hebrews 11:1–34 , which gives a list of many people in the Old Testament and all that they were able to do “by faith” while affirming that “faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” It is difficult to imagine that these Christians would have been tempted to join sides with a group that has been completely decimated, taken out of power, had their temple destroyed, and been totally scattered. Footnotes. Now certainly I have had conversations with individuals who say that Hebrews sounds nothing like Paul. Joseph's Plagiarism in Book of Mormon and Other Revelations. Designed using Unos Premium. In contrast, the Book of Mormon contains 268,163 words. Hebrews 12:9 and the Mormon Doctrine of Preexistence The Book of Hebrews and the Joseph Smith Translation Several changes to the book of Hebrews in Joseph Smith’s “translation” reflect Smith’s lack of understanding of the Bible. Calvin said, “I indeed can deduce no reason to show that Paul was its author for they who say that he designedly suppressed his name because it was hateful to the Jews, bring nothing to the purpose. In Acts 15, the Judaisers prompted the “Jerusalem Council” by insisting that Gentile believers be baptized and keep the law. Oliver H. P. Cowdery (October 3, 1806 – March 3, 1850) was, with Joseph Smith, an important participant in the formative period of the Latter Day Saint movement between 1829 and 1836. "THE main object of the epistle is to commend the Christian religion to those who were addressed in it, in such a way as to prevent defection from it. I find it safe to say this text was written and disseminated prior to 90 AD. I am uncertain as to who this author is. Hebrews 7:23–24 implies that Jesus holds His priestly office eternally, using a Greek word that suggests something that cannot be passed down or changed. Personal email communication with Brent Schmidt in my possession, 9.17.19. The destruction of Jerusalem was impending-all signs declared that the event could not be far off-and many of the believers felt that this meant the end of the world. Hebrews could be called "the book of better things" since the two Greek words for "better" and "superior" occur 15 times in the letter. 3. James. This book also teaches that Jesus is greater than Moses and that His ministry brought a new covenant superior to the old covenant under the law of Moses. and Avocational Archaeologist, Archaeoastronomer who has lived in Ohio all his life. Criticisms related to View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon. It is so hard to pin down only five life lessons from the Book of Hebrews. Hebrews 13. An illustration of a magnifying glass. Alleged relationships of View of the Hebrews to the Book of Mormon have attracted interest periodically through the years. Angels are servants of God, but Jesus Christ is His Son. In 1927 the well respected LDS historian BH Roberts wrote a letter to LDS Apostle Richard R. Lyman with a laundry list of concerns he had with the Book of Mormon stating his conviction the prophet had ‘borrowed’ from Ethan Smith’s work, View of the Hebrews. There is one BETTER that I deliberately left out. The book of Hebrews is a rich book of instruction - about who Jesus Christ is, and how important our response to Him is. Hebrews 11 stresses the pistis or faithfulness of important Old Testament figures. LDS General Authority and scholar Elder B.H. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. The few Hebraisms that Ethan Smith thought tied Native Americans to the ancient Hebrews are strangely absent from the Book of Mormon. 4 Apollos is mentioned several times in the New Testament, was from Alexandria (Acts 18.24), where a connection has been made to the writings of Philo at Alexandria and there is speculation that Philo’s works may have influenced the words of Hebrews. It is easy to walk by faith when we see and hear the divine workings of God. But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. First of all we know that it’s an anonymous text or treatise or argument and it contains what some scholars would say is the longest argument of any book in the Bible. 7 For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs ameet for them by whom it is bdressed, receiveth blessing from God: 8 But that which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, and is nigh unto acursing; whose end is to be burned. As is often the case in the Book of Mormon, there’s more than meets the eye of the casual reader. Book of Hebrews (Read by Michael York) NKJV. Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. Surely Hebrews 11 is using pistis in this manner, illustrating that faith led many people in the Old Testament to trust the Lord and come unto him. Hebrews 1:1-4, a better revelation from a better mediator. But seven years prior to that… 1823 – View of the Hebrews. I especially find the arguments of Hebrews profound as I have come to understand the importance of First and Second Temple religion, and how these ideas are compared and contrasted in Hebrews 7. Point 8 “There was a book published in 1823 Vermont entitled View of the Hebrews.”  It contains around 57,000 words. The Book of Mormon is filled with many contradictions. And so because of power, politics and the situation in and around Jerusalem at this time I think the case can be made that this text was written before 70. We are going to see more of this in John’s book of Revelation – this is First Temple Judaism at its finest. Chapter 2. Do you struggle with “walking by faith” at times? For the author of Hebrews, what do you do, and how do you convince these people that they’re doing the right thing in their trust in Jesus Christ? And so in my opinion if I had to pick a side of when the text of Hebrews was written, based on this evidence, I would say that it was written before 70 A.D., before the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. View of the Hebrews is an 1823 book written by Ethan Smith, a United States Congregationalist minister, who argued that Native Americans were descended from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Christ’s priesthood is above the Aaronic or Levitical Priesthood (Hebrews 4.14-7.28), and the sanctuary of the Old Testament as well as the offerings of the ancient priests (Hebrews 8.1-10.39). Whom the Lord loves He chastens—God is the Father of spirits—To see God, follow peace and holiness—Exalted Saints belong to the Church of the Firstborn. The book of Hebrews is one of the few places in the Bible where we can read about the prophet Melchizedek (see Hebrews 5). Hebrews: The Book of “Better” Things The book of Hebrews presents Christ as God’s full and final revelation. The writer to the Hebrews reached back into the Old Testament and, under inspiration of the Holy Spirit, presented an obscure truth that had been hidden for two millennia. For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. The author of Hebrews is also aware of Second Temple Judaism, and is at home with using language that Jews of the Second Temple would understand. The recipients of this text seem to be, as they are called in the title of the document, the Hebrews. Reading Materials Lynne Hilton Wilson, "Hebrews 7-13," Come Follow Me: The New Testament, 2019. We will look at who we think wrote Hebrews, when it was written, etc. I will set out to prove that the similarities between the two works are exaggerated and details are often contradictory. 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